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SpokaneInnovaging2014

CHAPTER FOUR n EXPLORING HEALTH ISSUES Osteoporosis: The Silent But Deadly Danger By Shannon Wood Most of us at one time in our lives have calcium is not always easily absorbed ment of undetected osteoporosis by broken a bone. It is a common injury by the body. Many people use a sup- having bone density testing. that does not cause more than pain and plement that contains vitamin D for The bone density test is done by a mild fear. However, as we age, break- better absorption. Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry also ing bones can be a sign of a more seri- Some individuals have a condition called known as a Dexa scan. This test reads ous ailment that can eventually cause osteomalacia that prevents calcium and bone mineral density through the use collapsed vertebrae. vitamin D from being absorbed. There of x-ray beams. The National Osteoporosis Foundation are treatments for this disorder. There is a standardized scale used to tural deterioration of bone tissue, lead- bones. Physical exercise later in life density is measured and determined toranges of bone density. Once bone-Regular physical activity strengthensdetermine the normal and abnormal- defines osteoporosis as “a disease char acterized by low bone mass and struc ing to bone fragility and an increased may also assist with coordination, be at a level which indicates osteopo- susceptibility to fractures.” which in addition cuts the risk of falls rosis, certain medications are available that cause fractures. Diet and exercise According to the National Osteoporosis are important tools that fight the onset to offset the effects of the disease. Foundation (NOF), an estimated 10 of osteoporosis. Smoking can also Medication Can Greatly Improve million Americans have this disease. increase the risk for osteoporosis. the Outcome of Osteoporosis The NOF states that this silent disease is considered “a major public health threat Be Aware of Unavoidable Bisphosphonates, Calcitonin, Estrogen/ to 55% of Americans 50 and older.” Risk Factors Hormone Therapy, Parathyroid Hormone and Selective Receptive Osteoporosis is Preventable Women are at greatest risk. Women Estrogen Modulators are all viable in Many Cases account for approximately 80% of all options for treatment. Bisposphates and cases. There is a misconception that Calcitonin have been used to treat men As with many other serious ailments, this is a woman’s disease. Men actually with osteoporosis. osteoporosis is highly preventable. By account for 20% of all cases. taking precautions that assist in keeping If you are at risk, speak with your doc- bones higher in density, the risk of com- Heredity, and estrogen deficiency after tor about possible testing and preventa- plications from osteoporosis is reduced. menopause contribute to the risk of the tive measures. Brittle bones can greatly onset of osteoporosis. Being thin or hav- reduce functioning if left untreated. A sufficient calcium intake through the ing a small frame also puts individuals consumption of foods high in calcium Most importantly, start as soon as at greater risk. or through calcium supplements can possible with healthier living habits, protect against bone loss and prevent High-risk individuals can lessen the including proper diet and exercise the onset of osteoporosis. However, chances of damage due to the advance- and the prevention will go a long way towards living a healthy active life. “...this silent disease is considered a major public health threat to 55% of Americans 50 and older.” THE OPINIONS OFFERED IN THIS ARTICLE ARE FOR YOUR CONSIDERATION ONLY. TO FURTHER EXPLORE THIS TOPIC, THE PUBLISHER ENCOURAGES YOU TO CONTACT TRUSTED PROFESSIONALS. 120


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